By Beata Guzik

On 18 April 2018, the EP adopted the circular economy package which sets up the ambitious, legally binding goals for recycling and waste management. The proposal introduces a common definition of waste treatment, a single method of measuring the recycling targets across the EU and extends producer responsibility for entire life cycle of the products. This so-called “Waste Package” is the important part of a shift in EU policy towards a circular economy.


What is circular economy package about?

The four legislative proposals on waste introduce legally binding goals and deadlines for a waste-management targets regarding recycling, re-using and landfilling. The EU’s objective is to promote the prevention of waste and to re-use as many products as possible. If waste is not recycled or recovered properly, it may have an adverse impact on environment (in particular ecosystems and bio-diversity), climate change, human health, as well as the economy.

The data indicates that waste management varies a great deal between Member States. While Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria or Germany are among the top recycling countries, others, especially in the eastern and southern parts of the EU, send almost 80% of their waste to landfill.

Similarly, the municipal waste, which represents around 10% of the total waste generated in Europe, differs across the EU. The wealthier the Member State, the more municipal waste per person is produced (with the highest figures in Denmark and Germany, and the lowest in Romania, Poland or Slovakia). However, with the circular economy package this is about to change.

What are the main EU targets? 

EU Member States will be obliged to reach the following targets:

  • Recycling target for municipal waste (from households and businesses): at least 55% by 2025, 60% by 2030 and 65% by 2035;
  • Recycling target for packaging materials: at least 65% by 2025, and 70% by 2030;
  • Target for municipal waste being deposited in a landfill: no more than 10% by 2035.

The proposal also foresees separate targets for specific materials such as paper, plastics, glass, metal and wood.

Food waste

In line with the UN sustainable development goals, the circular economy package also sets up a non-binding food waste target. Member States should make effort to reduce food waste  by 30% by 2025 and 50% by 2030.


The circular economy aims to achieve environmentally and economically sustainable growth by reducing waste to a minimum and re-using and recycling existing products as much as possible. Moving towards a more circular economy shifts away from a traditional consumption model which can be defined as “take-make-consume-throw away”.

In December 2015 the European Commission has already presented its proposal on circular economy, consisting of four legislative proposals on waste and a communication (“Action Plan for the Circular Economy – Closing the loop”.)

The proposal adopted by the European Parliament on 18 April 2018 will now go back to Council for formal approval before its publication in the Official Journal of the EU.